Learn About Gum Disease
What is Gum Disease, and Why is it Important to Know?
Periodontal or gum disease is a pathological inflammatory condition of the gum and bone support (periodontal tissues) surrounding the teeth.
Both gingivitis and periodontitis have been shown to raise your risk of things like diabetes, heart disease, osteoporosis, pneumonia, and cancer. Early detection is your best bet. Not to mention, this may cause loosening or loss of teeth!
You can find and treat the problem before it gets serious if you know what to look for.
Red, Swollen Gums
This is one of the first signs your gums need attention. They may also feel tender or painful and bleed easily when you floss or brush.
If your teeth look longer than they used to, chances are they’re not growing — your gums are shrinking. This is happening because the gums are separating from your tooth.
If a sip of a cold drink makes you wince, your teeth may be telling you something. That’s a symptom of gum disease that often goes hand in hand with shrinking gums.
Your mouth is a nice, warm, and wet home for millions of bacteria. They feed on plaque, so the more of that you have, the bigger the buffet. Bacteria then release toxins that irritate gums and teeth, and have a foul smell.
Wiggly or Shifting Teeth
Does your smile look a little different lately? Gum disease can attack the bones that hold your teeth in place, making them loosen or move. Periodontitis is the main cause, and it can even change the way your teeth fit together when you bite.
Why is Learning about Gum Disease Important?
The earlier you learn about gum disease, the earlier you can catch it. With regular trips to the dentist, you can stop gingivitis from becoming periodontitis!
How Can Gum Disease Be Prevented?
Consistent and proper oral hygiene can prevent gum disease. This includes:
Visit the Dentist Regularly
Brush Your Teeth Twice a Day with Flouride Toothpaste
Floss Your Teeth Every Day
Eating a Balanced Diet Helps Maintain Good Dental Health
How is Gum Disease Treated?
During a dental exam, your gums will be probed with a small ruler. This probing is a way to check for inflammation. It also measures any pockets around your teeth. A normal depth is 1 to 3 millimeters. Your dentist may also order X-rays to check for bone loss.